Every one of us has two BRCA genes- BRCA1 and BRCA2. Some people can inherit faulty BRCA genes from either of their parents. Having a fault or mutation in one of these genes significantly increases the risk of developing certain types of cancer. This is true for men and women alike. Several ethnic groups, including Jewish people, have an increased prevalence of BRCA mutations in the population. Awareness of and testing for BRCA in these groups is critical for the prevention or early detection of BRCA-associated cancers.